The Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

"The five pillars of Islam" is a name used to signify the five duties, or five central practices of Islam. These are:

  • The profession of faith (shahada), which in English may be translated as: "There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is the Prophet of Allah";
  • Prayer (salah), which is to be conducted five times daily (at dawn, midday, mid-afternoon, sunset, and nightfall) and can last up to a half an hour; during prayer, shops and restaurants close;
  • Almsgiving (zakat);
  • Fasting (syam), which is to be performed by healthy adults, from dawn to dusk, during the holy month of Ramadan (some people are exempted, e.g., pregnant women);
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj), which must be done once by those who are fit enough, and financially able, to perform it.

Most Popular

Related

Copyright (C) 2014 Helen Ziegler and Associates. All rights reserved.